Electric heat pump systems are one of the most energy efficient options for both heating and cooling your home. Because heat pumps are designed to move heat around rather than generate it on their own, they represent an all-in-one HVAC solution that uses significantly less energy than a conventional heating or cooling system.

The versatile functionality of heat pumps has made them an attractive option for many different homeowner situations. Similar to mini-split systems, electric heat pumps are capable of providing multiple climate zones in homes without ductwork, or they can be paired with an existing system in order to maximize its efficiency.

How it Works

Electric heat pump systems are a two component design – one indoor and one outdoor. The outdoor unit houses the condenser, which absorbs heat from the outdoor air and transfers it to the system’s coolant. The coolant is then passed through the indoor system or ductwork to distribute this temperature throughout your specific climate zone.

This functionality also works in reverse, allowing heat pumps to provide both heating and cooling for your home. By flipping the flow of the coolant internally, heat pumps can transfer heat from inside your home outside via the outdoor component.

Why Electric Heat Pumps?

All-in-One Service

Electric heat pump systems are designed to offer both heating and cooling services for your home, meaning it can easily replace any current, inefficient system that your home is currently running.

Lower Energy Bills

Because they move heat rather than generate it, heat pumps only use electricity to power their internal fans making them incredibly energy efficient when compared with traditional heating and cooling systems.

Quiet, Even Performance

The two-component design of a heat pump system keeps the loud compressors outside of your home, while the flexible installation capabilities of the indoor air handler ensures optimal performance.

No Fossil Fuels

Heat pump systems are able to both heat and cool your home with electricity. This makes them one of the greenest and safest climate control technologies available, with no consumption of hard to replace oil and natural gas and no burning fuels in your home!

Electric vs. Geothermal Heat Pumps

Electric and geothermal heat pumps actually have a lot in common, with the major difference being that geothermal heat pumps are placed underground, instead of outside Deciding which heat pump system is right for your home depends on the space of your property, existing HVAC system and, of course, personal preference. For more information on geothermal HVAC systems, visit our Geothermal Heating and Cooling page.

Considerations for Your Home

Startup Cost

Although the long-term energy savings of an electric heat pump system make them a popular choice among many homeowners, the initial costs of heat pump installation can be high.


What is the average lifespan of a heat pump?

Heat pump systems will run effectively for 10-12 years with proper maintenance. Heat pumps are used for both heating and cooling so seasonal maintenances are highly recommended. We also recommend not trying to change the temperature by more than 4 degrees in either direction at one time. Doing so will put a strain on the system and can reduce the lifespan of your system.

Can electric heat pumps be paired with another heating system?

Yes, electric heat pump systems can work in combination with any fuel source. One advantage of tying your heat pump into a fossil fuel heating source is that this system will kick on when the electric heat pump not running efficiently. With propane backup for example, the fuel will start to be burned to heat the home as opposed to only using electricity once the outdoor temperature drops below 35 degrees.

Can heat pumps operate with existing ductwork?

Yes, although before pairing the two it is important to know whether your existing ductwork is sized for both heating & cooling.

Can I use a heat pump in an extremely cold climate?

Yep! Despite commonly held beliefs to the contrary, modern heat pumps are an effective means of both heating and cooling your home, even in areas of extreme cold temperatures. While older heat pump technologies would lose effectiveness as temperatures dropped well below freezing, newer products by industry leaders like Mitsubishi Electric have overcome these issues to provide effective heating well below 0° Fahrenheit.

Have more questions about Electric Heat Pumps? Contact us today! >